Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine that most commonly affects teenagers. Scoliosis can develop in adults who have cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy, although the aetiology of most juvenile scoliosis is unclear.
- Uneven shoulders
- One shoulder blade that appears more prominent than the other
- Uneven waist
- One hip higher than the other
- One side of the rib cage jutting forward
- A prominence on one side of the back when bending forward
Treatment for scoliosis varies based on the degree of the curvature. Children with modest curves normally don't require any therapy, however they may require periodic examinations to see whether the curve is deteriorating as they develop.
If the spinal curvature is moderate or severe, bracing or surgery may be required.