SCFE (slipped capital femoral epiphysis) is an adolescent growth plate condition in which the femoral head shifts ("slips") relative to the remainder of the femur. While the head of the femur remains in the hip joint's cup, the remainder of the femur shifts.
SCFE has an aetiology that is unknown. There are, however, a slew of variables linked to this illness. These circumstances cause the growth plate (also known as the "physis") to weaken, allowing the femoral head (ball of the femur) to fall off the femur's neck. Obesity is a major risk factor for heart disease. Hypothyroidism and osteodystrophy are two endocrine conditions that are risk factors for SCFE. This disorder may have a hereditary propensity (it runs in families). Boys are more likely than girls to be impacted.
To join the femoral head to the remainder of the femur, a screw is inserted. If there are significant abnormalities, the surgeon may choose to straighten the bones before inserting the screw. The surgeon may also suggest putting a screw in the hip that isn't affected to avoid slippage before it happens.